Volume 5 - Issue 3

Article Number 1

Optimization of culture conditions for mycelial growth and basidiocarp production of Philippine strains of Panaeolus antillarium and Panaeolus cyanescens


Bustillos RG, Dulay RMR, Kalaw SP, Reyes RG

Received 06 March 2014
Accepted 04 April 2014
Published Online 11 May 2014
Corresponding Author Reynante G. Bustillos - rey_bust@yahoo.comz
Abstract The domestication and optimization of cultural conditions for the secondary mycelial growth was determined to establish the production technology of Panaeolus species. Wild P. antillarum and P. cyanescens were collected and their cell lines were rescued. The mycelial growth performance was evaluated on different indigenous culture media (carabao, cow and horse dung) and physical factors (pH, aeration and illumination). The optimal growth condition for basidiocarp production using dung of domesticated ruminants was also determined. Both secondary mycelia of the two Panaeolus species evaluated grew best on solid culture media of carabao and cow dung decoction gulaman (local crude agar) at a pH range of 7.5 - 8.0, incubated in unsealed and dark condition. Carabao and cow dung as substrates favored the fast mycelial colonization of both mushrooms with means of 11.20 ± 4.24 and 11.50 ± 5.80 days, respectively.  However, regardless of the substrate, P. antillarum colonized the substrates in a shorter period of 9.37 ± 2.74 days. In terms of yield, carabao dung had the highest mean yield of 7.16 ± 0.75 g with 17.89 ± 1.88% bio-efficiency, which did not significantly vary with cow dung having a mean yield of 6.99 ± 1.89 g with 17.49 ± 4.73% bio-efficiency. These significant results suggest that P. antillarum and P. cyanescens are new Philippine strains of wild mushrooms with great potential for cultivation for nutraceutical purposes.
Keywords Panaeolus species – hallucinogenic mushrooms – secondary mycelia – basidiocarp, coprophilous mushrooms
View Article View PDF


Article Number 2

Leptocorticium gloeocystidiatum sp. nov. (Basidiomycota), a new corticioid fungus from Sicily, Italy


Gorjón SP, Saitta A

Received 10 March 2014
Accepted 28 April 2014
Published Online 14 May 2014
Corresponding Author Sergio P. Gorjón - spgorjon@gmail.com
Abstract A new corticioid species, Leptocorticium gloeocystidiatum is described from Sicily, Italy. It is characterized by a resupinate, buff-coloured basidiome and microscopically by the presence of filiform leptocystidia, gloeocystidia, dendrohyphidia, and small ellipsoid, smooth basidiospores, non-reacting in Melzer's reagent. The species is compared with closest relatives. A key to the accepted species of Leptocorticium is provided.
Keywords cystidia – Fagus – Mediterranean area – wood inhabiting fungi
View Article View PDF


Article Number 3

A new species, Lophiostoma versicolor, from Japan (Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes)


Hirayama K, Hashimoto A, Tanaka K

Received 25 March 2014
Accepted 02 May 2014
Published Online 17 May 2014
Corresponding Author K. Tanaka - k-tanaka@cc.hirosaki-u.ac.jp
Abstract Hirayama K, Hashimoto A, Tanaka K 2014 – A new species, Lophiostoma versicolor, from Japan (Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes). Mycosphere 5(3), 411–417, Doi 10.5943/mycosphere/5/3/3

Lophiostoma versicolor sp. nov. was found on Acer sp. in Japan. This species is characterized by ascomata with a laterally compressed apex; clavate, 2(–4)-spored asci with a long stipe; and verruculose, 3-septate, versicolored ascospores without a sheath or appendages. Phylogenetic analyses based on LSU nrDNA sequences supported the generic placement and species validity of L. versicolor.

Keywords ITS – Lophiostomataceae – Lophiotrema – LSU nrDNA – Pleosporomycetidae – Systematics – Taxonomy
View Article View PDF


Article Number 4

A new species of Manoharachariella (hyphomycetes) from Central Anatolia, Turkey


Faruk SELÇUK, Kadriye EKİCİ

Received 30 April 2014
Accepted 09 May 2014
Published Online 23 May 2014
Corresponding Author Faruk Selçuk - selcuk_faruk@yahoo.com
Abstract Manoharachariella elsadii is described as a new species from Turkey. It differs from the two known species by possessing smaller conidia with fewer septa. In addition, it has shorter conidiophores than M. indica and longer conidiophores than M. lignicola.
Keywords anamorphic fungi – Anatolian Peninsula – dematiaceous hyphomycete
View Article View PDF


Article Number 5

Two new records of Cyathus species for South America


Barbosa MMB, Cruz RHSF, Calonge FD, Baseia IG

Received 26 March 2014
Accepted 21 May 2014
Published Online 30 May 2014
Corresponding Author Marcos M. B. Barbosa - marcosmbb@gmail.com
Abstract Recent fieldtrips in semi-arid region on Araripe National Forest in Brazil revealed two Cyathus species that are reported for the first time to South America, C. gracilis and C. helenae. Both were found in a highland environment with an elevation about 900 m. Detailed descriptions and images are given.
Keywords Brazil – Nidulariaceae – gasteromycetes – semi-arid regions – taxonomy
View Article View PDF


Article Number 6

Tricholosporum caraibicum (Basidiomycota, Tricholomataceae), a new species from the Dominican Republic


Angelini C, Contu M, Vizzini A

Received 10 March 2014
Accepted 14 May 2014
Published Online 31 May 2014
Corresponding Author Alfredo Vizzini - vizzini@unito.it
Abstract A new species in the genus Tricholosporum, collected in the Dominican Republic, is taxonomically delimited based on morphological data. A detailed description, microscopic drawings and a colour plate of fresh material are presented. The new species is well circumscribed by the small cruciform to stauriform spores and mucronate, fusiform to ampullaceous and pigmented cystidia. A key to the accepted species of Tricholosporum is provided.
Keywords Agaricales – Agaricomycetes – Caribbean fungi
View Article View PDF


Article Number 7

Edible mushrooms of the Northwestern Himalaya, India: a study of indigenous knowledge, distribution and diversity


Semwal KC, Stephenson SL, Bhatt VK, Bhatt RP

Received 08 May 2014
Accepted 04 June 2014
Published Online 15 June 2014
Corresponding Author Kamal C. Semwal - semwalkamal@yahoo.com
Abstract In the present study, the diversity, edibility, indigenous knowledge and distribution of wild edible mushrooms in the Northwestern Himalaya are discussed. The information provided herein was derived from a study carried out in the states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh during the period of 2000-2013. A total of 23 species of mushrooms considered as edible or used for trade were recorded. Twenty-one of these are basidiomycetes and two are ascomycetes. Certain species of Amanita, Agaricus, Astraeus, Hericium, Macrolepiota, Morchella, Pleurotus and Termitomyces are very commonly collected and consumed by the local people, whereas species of Auricularia, Cantharellus, Sparassis, Lactarius, Ramaria and Russula are less commonly collected and consumed. Cordyceps sinensis and several species of Morchella are collected specifically for trade purposes in the spring season in high elevation areas of the Himalaya. Among the edible wild mushrooms collected are a number of species involved in ectomycorrhizal symbiotic relationships with banj (oak), other broadleaf trees and several types of conifers. The results of the present study can be used to promote the domestication of those wild edible mushrooms not yet cultivated in India. These results also indicate the need to avoid over exploitation of these mushrooms and a reason to establish a ‘state germplasm bank’ to allow studies of tissue culture. The latter could serve as the basis of further scientific study into various ways of enhancing the livelihood of particular areas of northern India through increased mushroom domestication as well as assessing the possible bioactivity of mushrooms against certain human diseases.
Keywords Ascomycetes – Basidiomycetes – Himachal Pradesh – Uttarakhand
View Article View PDF


Article Number 8

A new species of Berkleasmium from Ulyanovsk, Russia


Hüseyin E, Selçuk F, Churakov BP

Received 02 May 2014
Accepted 20 May 2014
Published Online 23 June 2014
Corresponding Author Elsad Hüseyin - elsadhuseyin@hotmail.com
Abstract A fungus belonging to the sporodochial, dematiaceous, dictyosporous hyphomycete genus Berkleasmium was found on bark of dead twigs of Rhamnus catharticus in Ulyanovsk Province of Russia. It is described as a new species, Berkleasmium dudkae, illustrated and compared with allied species.
Keywords anamorphic fungi – Ascomycota – hyphomycetes – new taxon
View Article View PDF


Article Number 9

Updates on the geographic distribution of three Geastrum species from Brazilian semi-arid region


Sousa JO, Morais LA, Nascimento YM, Baseia IG

Received 22 April 2014
Accepted 10 June 2014
Published Online 24 June 2014
Corresponding Author Julieth de Oliveira Sousa - julieth.oliveira.sousa@gmail.com
Abstract Taxonomic studies on Brazilian semi-arid collections of earthstars revealed the occurrence of three species: Geastrum floriforme (first record for Brazil), Geastrum violaceum (new for the tropical region) and Geastrum xerophilum (second record for the Neotropics). Detailed basidiomata descriptions with taxonomic remarks, photos and drawings of macro- and micro-morphological data are given.
Keywords gasteromycetes – Geastrales – neotropical fungi – taxonomy
View Article View PDF


Article Number 10

Checklist of Central and South American Agaricales (Basidiomycota) I: Entolomataceae


Coimbra VRM

Received 23 April 2014
Accepted 23 May 2014
Published Online 24 June 2014
Corresponding Author Victor R.M. Coimbra - vick_mat_coimbra@yahoo.com.br
Abstract A literature-based checklist of Entolomataceae species (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) occurring in Central and South Americas is provided. In total, 271 species belonging to 13 genera are reported, representing roughly 18% of the known taxa worldwide. Here, Brazil (107 spp.) and Argentina (80 spp.) were the most representative countries. This list does not reflect the real diversity of Entolomataceae in Neotropics but covers only our limited and inconclusive knowledge.
Keywords agarics – America – diversity
View Article View PDF


Article Number 11

Additions to the myxobiota of Central America


Rojas C, Calvo E

Received 17 May 2014
Accepted 10 June 2014
Published Online 25 June 2014
Corresponding Author Carlos Rojas - carlos.rojasalvarado@ucr.ac.cr
Abstract Given the fact that until recently the myxomycetes were an understudied group in Central America, it is not surprising that the number of new records for most countries is currently increasing at a steady pace. This is significant in light of the fact that Central America is located within the Mesoamerican Biodiversity Hotspot and is projected to lose an appreciable percentage of its biodiversity due to global phenomena before the middle of this century. In the present study, which was conceived as an approach to equilibrate the information on myxomycetes among Central American countries, 23 unlisted records for Honduras, El Salvador and Costa Rica are provided. In particular, a record of the myxomycete Cornuvia serpula from the last country is noteworthy due its rarity in tropical areas of the world. The type of regional distributional information presented in this study represents baseline data for ecological monitoring purposes, which are essential for the conservation of the microbial biota and ecosystem functioning worldwide.
Keywords biogeography, Cornuvia serpula, distribution, myxogastrids, Neotropics
View Article View PDF


Article Number 12

The genus Blumenavia (Clathraceae, Phallales)


Trierveiler-Pereira L, Alves CR, Silveira RMB

Received 04 June 2014
Accepted 12 June 2014
Published Online 27 June 2014
Corresponding Author Larissa Trierveiler-Pereira - lt_pereira@yahoo.com.br
Abstract In this manuscript we present descriptions, comments, illustrations, color photographs and a key to identify the two known species of Blumenavia: B. rhacodes and B. angolensis. Both species occur in Southern Brazil and the presented data are based on recently collected and herbarium specimens. Blumenavia angolensis is reported for the first time from the States of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul (Southern Brazil).
Keywords Gasteromycetes – Laternea – lattice stinkhorns – Neotropical fungi – Phallaceae
View Article View PDF


About Mycosphere

Mycosphere publishes reviews, research articles, methodology papers, taxonomic works such as monographs, and checklists which are relevant to fungal biology, including lichens. The official journal language is English.

Impact Factor = 0.654

Creative Commons License
Mycosphere by http://mycosphere.org/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


Mycosphere is a member of The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

Mycosphere has a policy of screening for plagiarism

Mycosphere is Indexed in
♦  Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch®) 
♦  Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition 
♦  Current Contents®/Agriculture, Biology, and Environmental Sciences 
♦  Biological Abstracts 
♦  BIOSIS Previews 


  • Email:
  • Address:
    Guizhou Key Laboratory of Agricultural Biotechnology
    Guizhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences