Volume 5 - Issue 2

Article Number 1

Campylospora leptosoma sp. nov. and characteristics of Campylospora spp., based on morphology and on ITS sequences


Marvanová L, Laichmanová M

Received 01 February 2014
Accepted 24 February 2014
Published Online 06 March 2014
Corresponding Author Ludmila Marvanová - ludmila@sci.muni.cz
Abstract Campylospora leptosoma is described as new species. C. filicladia and C. parvula are lectotypified, epitypes of C. filicladia and C. parvula are established. ITS–based phylogenetic analysis of 18 isolates of four species of Campylospora confirms monophyly of the genus. Delimitation of C. chaetocladia, C. filicladia and C. parvula based on morphology is supported by phylogenetic analysis. C. leptosoma, although morphologically homogeneous, falls into two groups: one forms a well supported sister clade of C. parvula, the other an unsupported sister clade of C. chaetocladia.
Keywords aquatic hyphomycetes – Campylospora chaetocladia – C. filicladia – C. parvula – epitypes – lectotypes
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Article Number 2

New species and combinations of some New Zealand agarics belonging to Clitopilus, Lyophyllum, Gerhardtia, Clitocybe, Hydnangium, Mycena, Rhodocollybia and Gerronema


Cooper JA

Received 17 January 2014
Accepted 20 February 2014
Published Online 10 March 2014
Corresponding Author Jerry A. Cooper - CooperJ@LandcareResearch.co.nz
Abstract A number of newly described species, new combinations and new records of New Zealand agaric fungi are introduced together with diagnostic descriptions, phylogenetic position and additional notes. The new species are Clitopilus kamaka, Lyophyllum moncalvoanum, Gerhardtia pseudosaponacea, Clitocybe brunneocaperata, Hydnangium kanuka. The new combinations are Rhodocollybia purpurata and Gerrronema waikanaensis. Mycena stevensoniae is a nom. nov. for Crinipellis roseola, and the new record for New Zealand is Lyophyllum atratum.
Keywords agarics – clitopilus – collybia – fungi – gerhardtia – gerronema – hydnangium –lyophyllum – mycena – new species – New Zealand – rhodocollybia
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Article Number 3

Three new species of Mycena sect. Longisetae


Aravindakshan DM, Manimohan P

Received 01 January 2014
Accepted 25 February 2014
Published Online 16 March 2014
Corresponding Author P. Manimohan - pmanimohan@gmail.com
Abstract Three new species of the agaric genus Mycena (M. lomamaya, M. jatila and M. pelava) are described from Kerala State, India and are assigned to sect. Longisetae. Comprehensive descriptions, photographs, and comparisons with phenetically similar species are provided. A key to the species of Mycena sect. Longisetae known from Kerala is given.
Keywords Agaricales – Basidiomycota – biodiversity – Mycenaceae – taxonomy
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Article Number 4

A comparative species listing of myxomycetes from tropical (Philippines) and temperate (United States) forests


dela Cruz TEE, Rea MAD, Tran HTM, Ko Ko TW and Stephenson SL

Received 05 December 2013
Accepted 10 March 2014
Published Online 18 March 2014
Corresponding Author Thomas Edison E. dela Cruz - tedelacruz@mnl.ust.edu.ph
Abstract In terms of their flora and fauna, tropical forests are generally reported to be characterized by higher species diversity than temperate forests. Can this also be true for microorganisms such as myxomycetes? In the present study, three lowland tropical forests in the Philippines and three mid-latitude temperate forests in north central Arkansas in the United States were surveyed for myxomycetes with the moist chamber technique as it applies to these organisms. Results indicated that more species of myxomycetes were associated with samples of aerial litter (dead but still attached plant parts), forest floor litter and woody twigs collected in Arkansas than for those collected in the Philippines. A higher value for taxonomic diversity also was noted for the temperate forests. However, 19 species listed herein are new records for the Philippines. In the present study, a comparison of the taxonomic diversity of myxomycetes in relation to the number of moist chamber replications was carried out, and this showed that a difference of as many as eight species could occur between what was recorded from a single culture and a series of three cultures prepared from the same sample. Clearly, many of these species could be missed if only a single culture is prepared for a particular sample.
Keywords biodiversity – ecoregions – moist chamber replication – slime molds – species list
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Article Number 5

A new species of Fusticeps from Thailand


Chuaseeharonnachai C, Somrithipol S, Boonyuen N

Received 17 February 2014
Accepted 14 March 2014
Published Online 29 March 2014
Corresponding Author Charuwan Chuaseeharonnachai - charuwan.chu@biotec.or.th
Abstract Fusticepsmultiseptata sp. nov., collected from submerged leaves in Thailand, is described and illustrated. It produces pale brown, clavate, transversely multi-septate conidia with conspicuous cup-shaped projections. It differs from the all other Fusticeps species in having numerous branched conidiophores. The morphology of this new taxon is compared with all accepted species in the genus and key to the Fusticeps species is provided.
Keywords Aero-aquatic fungi – freshwater environment – submerged substrata – systematics
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Article Number 6

New records of Agaricaceae (Basidiomycota, Agaricales) from Araripe Nacional Forest, Ceará State, Brazil


Nascimento CC, Alves MH

Received 30 January 2014
Accepted 12 March 2014
Published Online 31 March 2014
Corresponding Author Maria Helena Alves - malves@ufpi.edu.br
Abstract Nascimento CC, Alves MH 2014 – New records of  Agaricaceae An account is given of some new records of Agaricaceae species collected in fragments of the Araripe National Forest in the following municipalities of Ceará state: Barbalha, Crato and Santana do Cariri. As preliminary results, a total of six species belonging to five genera have been identified: Agaricusstijvei, Chlorophyllumhortense, Cystolepiota seminuda and Lepiotaplumbicolor are new records from the Northeast of Brazil, while Leucocoprinusbirnbaumii and Leucocoprinusfragilissimus are new records from the state of Ceará. Complete morphological descriptions, notes, drawings and color pictures of the basidiomes are provided.
Keywords Basidiomycetes – mushrooms – Northeast Brazil – taxonomy
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Article Number 7

Hyphomycetous fungi in several forest ecosystems of Black sea provinces of Turkey


Selçuk F, Hüseyin E, Şahin A, Cebeci CC

Received 26 February 2014
Accepted 22 March 2014
Published Online 04 April 2014
Corresponding Author Faruk Selçuk - selcuk_faruk@yahoo.com
Abstract Hyphomycetous specimens were collected in forest ecosystems of the middle and east Black Sea coastal region. Sixty-nine taxa in 50 genera were recorded on various substrates including 20 plant families. Sporidesmium, Pseudospiropes, Passalora, Periconia, Ramularia, Helminthosporium, Taeniolella, Monodictys, Bispora, Chalara, Trichothecium, Tubercularia and Volutella were the common fungal genera. Fagaceae, Betulaceae, Buxaceae, Ulmaceae and Pinaceae are common host plant families.
Keywords Fungal diversity – hyphomycetes – microfungi
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Article Number 8

A new species of Bloxamia from freshwater in the Netherlands


Spooren M

Received 28 January 2014
Accepted 24 March 2014
Published Online 13 April 2014
Corresponding Author Spooren M - marcos1959@tele2.nl
Abstract Collection of a coelomycete belonging to the genus Bloxamia, on submerged stem litter of the Cyperoid plants, Schoenoplectus lacustris, S. tabernaemontani and Eleocharis palustris near Eindhoven, the Netherlands, revealed an undescribed species. The new fungus is described and illustrated herein as Bloxamia hesterae sp. nov. and compared with other species in the genus.
Keywords Aquatic fungi – asexual fungi – Europe – helophytes
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Article Number 9



Ariyawansa HA, Kang JC, Alias SA, Chukeatirote E, Hyde KD

Received 09 March 2014
Accepted 05 April 2014
Published Online 20 April 2014
Corresponding Author Kevin D Hyde - kdhyde3@gmail.com Ji-Chuan Kang – jichuank@yahoo.co.uk
Abstract This is the first in a series of papers in which we revisit genera of fungi to provide baseline data for future study. In this article we examine the genus Pyrenophora and provide details of morphology, phylogeny and the current status of species. Pyrenophora is a genus of saprobic and plant pathogenic fungi with a worldwide distribution, commonly associated with leaves, wood, cereals and other grasses. A phylogeny for Pyrenophora (sexual state of Drechslera) and allied genera is presented based on analysis of ITS, GPDH, RPB2, nrSSU and nrLSU DNA sequence datasets. Pyrenophora is a monophyletic genus in Pleosporaceae. Pyrenophora sexual states cluster with their expected Drechslera asexual states. As a genus can now only have one name we synonymise Drechslera underPyrenophora.
Keywords GPDH – RPB2 – Epitypification – Nomenclature
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Article Number 10

Revealing the antimicrobial and enzymatic potentials of culturable fungal endophytes from tropical pitcher plants (Nepenthes spp.)


Lee JM, Tan WS, Ting ASY

Received 28 January 2014
Accepted 24 March 2014
Published Online 21 April 2014
Corresponding Author Adeline S.Y. Ting - adeline.ting@monash.edu
Abstract In recent years, fungal endophytes from diverse host species have been extensively studied for valuable compounds (enzymes, antimicrobial compounds). Investigations on fungal endophytes from tropical Nepenthes spp. are however limited, despite hosting a wide range of macro- and microorganisms. In this study, we explored fungal endophytes from N. ampullaria and N. mirabilis for enzymatic and antimicrobial potential. A total of 26 isolates were obtained and they demonstrated a variety of enzymatic activities, mostly producing cellulase, chitinase, lipase and L- asparaginase. These endophytes also have antifungal activity. Sequencing results on 12 selected isolates revealed a diverse endophytic community, comprising mainly of the species complex of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (and its teleomorph Glomerella) (3 isolates), Phomopsis sp.(2 isolates), Trichoderma asperellum, Penicillium simplicissimum and Aspergillus terreus. Several uncommon species were also revealed-Lasiodiplodia, Isaria, Sarcosomataceae and a yeast-like fungi Meyerozyma guilliermondii. We revealed the diversity and the novel profiling of enzymatic and antimicrobial potential of endophytes from Nepenthes.
Keywords antibacterial – antifungal – enzymes – Nepenthes ampullaria – Nepenthes mirabilis
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Article Number 11

Brazilian Semi-Arid Ascomycetes I: new and interesting records of hysteriaceous ascomycetes


Almeida DAC, Gusmão LFP and Miller AN

Received 12 February 2014
Accepted 27 March 2014
Published Online 28 April 2014
Corresponding Author Davi A. C. de Almeida - daviaugusto@gmail.com
Abstract During an investigation of ascomycetes carried out in one area of Caatinga and three enclaves of the Atlantic Forest in the semi-arid region of Brazil, we found ten interesting species of hysteriaceous ascomycetes. Psiloglonium clavisporum and Rhytidhysteron opuntiae are new records for South America and Anteaglonium abbreviatum, Hysterium angustatum and Hysterobrevium smilacis are new records for Brazil. All species are described, illustrated and discussed.
Keywords biodiversity – taxonomy – tropical microfungi
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Article Number 12

Rectipilus stromatoides sp. nov. (Agaricales, Basidiomycota), a new cyphelloid fungus from the Brazilian Amazon


Gorjón SP, de Jesus MA

Received 06 March 2014
Accepted 04 April 2014
Published Online 29 April 2014
Corresponding Author Sergio P. Gorjón - spgorjon@gmail.com
Abstract A new cyphelloid species, Rectipilus stromatoides is described from the Brazilian Amazon. It is characterized by the basidiomes disposed in a pinkish stromatic structure and microscopically by the presence of cystidiols and the size of the basidiospores. The species is compared with the similar species. A key to the accepted species of Rectipilus is provided.
Keywords Brazil – corticioids – South America – tropical rainforest
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Mycosphere publishes reviews, research articles, methodology papers, taxonomic works such as monographs, and checklists which are relevant to fungal biology, including lichens. The official journal language is English.

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