Volume 4 - Issue 1


Article Number 1
Title

A review of the genus Bulbothrix Hale: the isidiate, sorediate, and pustulate species with medullary salazinic acid

Authors

Benatti MN

Received 27 November 2012
Accepted 10 December 2012
Published Online 23 January 2013
Corresponding Author Michel N. Benatti - michel_benatti@yahoo.com.br
Abstract This study is a taxonomic review of ten Bulbothrix (Parmeliaceae, Lichenized Fungi) species containing salazinic acid in the medulla that reproduce by vegetative propagation or form pustules that erode into coarse granules. The current species delimitations are confirmed. New characteristics are detailed, some synonyms are rejected, others confirmed, and range extensions are added.
Keywords bulbate cilia – norstictic acid – Parmeliaceae – Parmelinella
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Article Number 2
Title

Detecting the variability of Hydnum ovoideisporum (Agaricomycetes, Cantharellales) on the basis of Italian collections, and H. magnorufescens sp. nov.

Authors

Vizzini A, Picillo B, Ercole E, Voyron S, Contu M

Received 11 December 2012
Accepted 02 January 2013
Published Online 28 January 2013
Corresponding Author Alfredo Vizzini - alfredo.vizzini@unito.it
Abstract Hydnum ovoideisporum is a species of the Hydnum rufescens complex recently described from Spain, and characterized by having a pileus with deep orange tones, ovoid to broadly ellipsoid basidiospores, and growing in Mediterranean areas on calcareous soil. In this paper, four South Italian collections found under Quercus and traditionally determined as H. rufescens, were analyzed on the basis of morphological and molecular (ITS) data; three of them were proven to be conspecific with H. ovoideisporum even though they differ from the type by globose to subglobose spores, and one has a smooth hymenophore. H. ovoideisporum f. depauperatum f. nov. is established for accommodating specimens with a smooth hymenophoral surface. Finally, H. magnorufescens sp. nov. is established for a collection with large basidiomes without strong orange-reddish tinges, and with globose to subglobose spores.
Keywords Biodiversity – cantharelloid clade – Hydnaceae – ITS nrDNA phylogeny – taxonomy
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Article Number 3
Title

Some noteworthy lichenicolous fungi from Khabarovsk Territory of Russia

Authors

Zhurbenko MP, Tugi EW

Received 19 November 2012
Accepted 08 December 2012
Published Online 28 January 2013
Corresponding Author Mikhail Zhurbenko - zhurb58@gmail.com
Abstract Eight species of lichenicolous fungi are reported from the Russian Far East, seven of which are new to the area. Species concepts of Endococcus pseudocyphellariae and Subhysteropycnis maculiformans are broadened, and both species are for the first time reported from the Northern Hemisphere and on Pseudocyphellaria perpetua. Evernia esorediosa is a new host species for Lichenostigma maureri and Parmelia squarrosa for Phoma physciicola.
Keywords biogeography – Endococcus − Pacific coast of Russia – Subhysteropycnis – taxonomy
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Article Number 4
Title

New additions of basidiomycetous fungi in Indian mycoflora

Authors

Kumari B, Atri NS

Received 21 November 2012
Accepted 10 December 2012
Published Online 28 January 2013
Corresponding Author Kumari B - babita.thkr@gmail.com
Abstract Three new Leucoagaricus taxa were found in various localities of North West India. Leucoagaricus albidus sp. nov., Leucoagaricus barsii var. bulbobasilarus var. nov., and Leucoagaricus tener var. brevisporus var. nov. are described and illustrated.
Keywords Agaricaeae – fleshy fungi – India – Leucoagaricus – taxonomy
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Article Number 5
Title

Ectomycorrhizal fungi from southern Brazil – a literature-based review, their origin and potential hosts

Authors

Sulzbacher MA, Grebenc T, Jacques RJS, Antoniolli ZI

Received 28 November 2012
Accepted 20 December 2012
Published Online 10 February 2013
Corresponding Author MA Sulzbacher - marcelo_sulzbacher@yahoo.com.br
Abstract A first list of ectomycorrhizal and putative ectomycorrhizal fungi from southern Brazil (the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná), their potential hosts and origin is presented. The list is based on literature and authors observations. Ectomycorrhizal status and putative origin of listed species was assessed based on worldwide published data and, for some genera, deduced from taxonomic position of otherwise locally distributed species. A total of 144 species (including 18 doubtfull species) in 49 genera were recorded for this region, all accompanied with a brief distribution, habitat and substrate data. At least 30 collections were published only to the genus level and require further taxonomic review.
Keywords distribution – habitat – mycorrhiza – neotropics – regional list
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Article Number 6
Title

A checklist of agarics (gilled mushrooms) of Kerala State, India

Authors

Farook VA, Khan SS, Manimohan P

Received 15 December 2012
Accepted 04 January 2013
Published Online 10 February 2013
Corresponding Author P Manimohan - pmanimohan@gmail.com
Abstract A literature-based checklist of agarics (gilled mushrooms) occurring in Kerala State, India is provided. It consists of 616 species of gilled mushrooms belonging in 112 genera and 5 orders (Agaricales, Boletales, Gomphales, Polyporales, Russulales) of the Class Agaricomycetes, Phylum Basidiomycota. The relevant original information is contained in about 122 papers, many with only limited distribution and availability. Most of these papers have been published during the last two decades. The geographical distribution of the reports covers all 14 districts of the State. At the order level, Agaricales has the highest number of species (579), followed by Russulales (21). The six most represented genera are Hygrocybe, Entoloma (41 spp. each), Lepiota (39 spp.), Marasmius (27 spp.), Leucocoprinus and Pluteus (22 spp. each). Several of the species are known only from the region and there is a possibility that many are endemic to the region as the level of endemism in the flora and fauna of Kerala is very high. This list covers only a part of the actual diversity of gilled mushrooms in Kerala as studies on the agarics of this region have been uneven, inadequate and therefore inconclusive.
Keywords Agaricomycetes – Basidiomycota – biodiversity – species
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Article Number 7
Title

Auricularia olivaceus: a new species from North India

Authors

Kumari B, Upadhyay RC, Atri NS

Received 18 December 2012
Accepted 08 January 2013
Published Online 27 February 2013
Corresponding Author Kumari B - babita.thkr@gmail.com
Abstract Auricularia olivaceus sp. nov. (family Auriculariaceae) is described and illustrated as a new species, based on collections from Himachal Pradesh, North India.
Keywords Basidiomycetes – India – macrofungi – taxonomy
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Article Number 8
Title

Notes on the genus Entoloma in the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (V). Entoloma lucense, a new species in subgenus Omphaliopsis

Authors

Blanco-Dios JB

Received 20 December 2012
Accepted 20 January 2013
Published Online 28 February 2013
Corresponding Author Jaime B. Blanco-Dios - jbblancodios@gmail.com
Abstract A full description is given of Entoloma lucense, a new species in subgenus Omphaliopsis, found in Galicia (NW of Spain). Morphological description and drawings of macro- and microscopic characters of the basidiomata are presented. Other close taxa of subgenus Omphaliopsis are discussed.
Keywords Agaricales – Basidiomycota – Entolomataceae – Spain – taxonomy
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Article Number 9
Title

A new species of Mycena sect. Exornatae and some taxonomic observations

Authors

Aravindakshan DM, Manimohan P

Received 11 February 2013
Accepted 24 February 2013
Published Online 28 February 2013
Corresponding Author P Manimohan - pmanimohan@gmail.com
Abstract Mycena snigdha sp. nov. is described from Kerala state, India and is assigned to sect. Exornatae. Comprehensive description, photographs, and comparisons with phenetically similar species are provided. The wide, loop-like clamp connections of M. snigdha are remarkably similar to those of species of Mycena sect. Ingratae and this observation reveals that loop-like clamp connections can no longer be used to differentiate sect. Ingratae from sect. Exornatae and supports a recent treatment of sect. Ingratae as a synonym of section Exornatae. Within sect. Exornatae, however, this feature seems to be useful in species segregation. Mycena fumosa, an Australian species currently placed in sect. Sacchariferae, is considered as belonging to sect. Exornatae.
Keywords Agaricales – Basidiomycota – biodiversity – Mycenaceae – taxonomy
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Article Number 10
Title

A new species of non-lichenized ascomata from India

Authors

Logesh AR, Kalaiselvam M, Upreti DK

Received 08 January 2013
Accepted 25 February 2013
Published Online 28 February 2013
Corresponding Author A. R. Logesh - marinefungi@gmail.com
Abstract Hysterographium palamalaiense is characterized by hysterothecium ascomata with sulcus at the centre, cylindrical 8-spored asci with muriform ascospores described here as new to science.
Keywords Hysterographium – Hysteriaceae – Palamalai hills
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Mycosphere publishes reviews, research articles, methodology papers, taxonomic works such as monographs, and checklists which are relevant to fungal biology, including lichens. The official journal language is English.

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