Recent Papers

Volume 8 Issue 10 (November/December)

11. Can ITS sequence data identify fungal endophytes from cultures? A case study from Rhizophora apiculata
Doilom M et al. (2017)

10. Establishment of Zygosporiaceae fam. nov. (Xylariales, Sordariomycetes) based on rDNA sequence data to accommodate Zygosporium.
Li JF et al. (2017)

9. Novel taxa of Diatrypaceae from Para rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) in northern Thailand; introducing a novel genus Allocryptovalsa.
Senwanna C et al. (2017)

8. Novel fungal species of Phaeosphaeriaceae with an asexual/sexual morph connection.
Karunarathna A et al. (2017)

7. Nomenclatural and identification pitfalls of endophytic mycota based on DNA sequence analyses of ribosomal and protein genes phylogenetic markers: A taxonomic dead end?
Jeewon R et al. (2017)

6. Mycosphere notes 51–101. Revision of genera in Perisporiopsidaceae and Pseudoperisporiaceae and other Ascomycota genera incertae sedis
Boonmee S et al. (2017)

5. Mycosphere Essays 20: Therapeutic potential of Ganoderma species: Insights into its use as traditional medicine
Hapuarachchi et al. (2017)

Volume 8 Issue 5 (SI Diaporthe)-closed

6. Diaporthe toxicodendri sp. nov., a causal fungus of the canker disease on Toxicodendron vernicifluum in Japan
Ando Y et al. (2017)

Volume 8 Issue 6 (SI Tropical Wood Degrading Fungi)-closed

12. Two new species of aphyllophoroid fungi (Basidiomycota) from southern China.
Huang FC et al. (2017)

11. Aegis boa (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) a new neotropical genus and species based on morphological data and phylogenetic evidences
Gómez-Montoya et al. (2017)

Volume 3 - Issue 5

Article Number 1

Brown rotting fungus closely related to Pseudomerulius curtisii (Boletales) recorded for the first time in South America


Baldoni DB, Coelho G, Jacques RJS, Silveira RMB, Grebenc T, Antoniolli ZI

Received 13 August 2012
Accepted 17 August 2012
Published Online 08 September 2012
Corresponding Author Daiana Bortoluzzi Baldoni -
Abstract In the region of Santa Maria, Southern Brazil, we have analyzed morphologically and molecularly some interesting brown-rotting mushroom specimens closely related to Pseudomerulius curtisii. Except for minor differences in morphology and ITS sequence similarity, collections have corresponded to P. curtisii by basidiospore size and shape, the kind of hyphal system, the macromorphology, the slightly unpleasant pungent spicy smell turning stronger upon drying and, particularly, by the highly supported and closely related clade after phylogenetic analysis. Perhaps due the rarity in nature, morphological data are not abundant in literature and appears to be somewhat incomplete to discordant for the species, so we provide a more detailed description and illustrations from collected specimens.
Keywords Basidiomycetes – brown-rot – ITS region – Pinus elliottii – saprophytic fungi – Tapinellineae
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Article Number 2

Myxogastrid distribution within the leaf litter microhabitat


Rollins AW, Stephenson SL

Received 26 April 2012
Accepted 23 July 2012
Published Online 10 September 2012
Corresponding Author Adam W. Rollins -
Abstract The moist chamber culture technique was used to examine the distribution of myxogastrids at four different levels (or strata) of the forest floor leaf litter microhabitat. Each stratum was characterized by a distinct assemblage of species; moreover, both richness and abundance varied throughout. Many species appeared to exhibit a preference for a particular stratum, whereas others were widespread. Overall, the species richness recorded in the study was relatively high considering the total area sampled. These data suggest that for any study of the forest floor litter microhabitat, an effort should be made to examine all strata so as not to miss any of the species present.
Keywords ecology – forest floor – myxomycete – sampling strategy – slime mold – soil
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Article Number 3

The Genus Rhopalostroma from Maharashtra State, India


Patil A, Patil MS, Dangat BT

Received 01 June 2012
Accepted 23 July 2012
Published Online 10 September 2012
Corresponding Author Dangat BT -
Abstract Two species of Rhopalostroma, viz. R. africanum collected on bark of Ficus benghalensis and R. lekae on bark of Memecelon umbellatum are recorded for the first time in India. A new variety, R. sphaerocephalum var. indica is described on bark of Bombax malabaricum.
Keywords Mycotaxonomy – Rhopalostroma – Xylariaceae
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Article Number 4

A new bioluminescent species of Mycena sect. Exornatae from Kerala State, India


Aravindakshan DM, Kumar TKA, Manimohan P

Received 20 August 2012
Accepted 27 August 2012
Published Online 12 September 2012
Corresponding Author P Manimohan -
Abstract Recent studies on the genus Mycena in Kerala State, India resulted in the discovery of a new species, herein described as M. deeptha. It has hallmarks of Mycena section Exornatae such as gelatinous pileipellis composed of hyphae that are covered with thorn-like excrescences, non-gelatinized stipitipellis, discoid stipe base and luminescent mycelium. A combination of characters such as larger basidiomata, fimbriate pileal margin composed of cells with elongate protrusion, cheilocystidia and caulocystidia with elongate apical projections, and the presence of detersile elements over the primordium, however, makes it unique within that section. Phylogenetic analyses based on ITS rDNA sequences using maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood methods support M. deeptha as a distinct species belonging to a clade containing M. chlorophos, a well-known luminescent species of sect. Exornatae. The ITS rDNA sequence of M. deeptha shows 99–100% similarity with those of two unidentified Mycena species (environmental samples) deposited in GenBank indicating that the new species may have a wider geographical distribution.
Keywords Agaricales – Basidiomycota – biodiversity – molecular phylogeny – Mycenaceae
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Article Number 5

New record of genus Peziza (Pezizales, Ascomycetes) in Egypt and Africa


Abdel-Azeem AM, El-Fallal AA

Received 26 August 2012
Accepted 27 August 2012
Published Online 13 September 2012
Corresponding Author Ahmed M. Abdel-Azeem -,
Abstract The genus Peziza is new for Egypt and Africa where it is represented by Peziza repanda Wahlenb. Location, dates of collections in Egypt, general distribution, detailed macro- and micro-morphological descriptions and illustrations are given.
Keywords Ascomycetes – Egypt – Peziza – Pezizales
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Article Number 6

Tropical fungi: twelve species of lignicolous Ascomycota from the Dominican Republic


Angelini C, Medardi G

Received 04 August 2012
Accepted 13 August 2012
Published Online 25 September 2012
Corresponding Author Claudio Angelini -
Abstract Twelve lignicolous interesting Ascomycota from the Dominican Republic collected during the winter period (November–January) in the years 2008–2011 are described and illustrated.
Keywords Pezizomycetes – Pezizomycotina – Sordariomycetes – Sub-tropical zone Caribbeans – Taxonomy
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Article Number 7

Cookeina Sinensis from India


Patil A, Patil MS, Dangat BT

Received 04 September 2012
Accepted 10 September 2012
Published Online 25 September 2012
Corresponding Author Dangat BT -
Abstract Discomycete Cookeina sinensis Z. Wang is reported for the first time from India.
Keywords Cookeina – Discomycetes – Mycotaxonomy
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Article Number 8

Identification and Comparison of Xylaria curta and Xylaria sp. from Western Ghats-Courtallum Hills, India


Ramesh V, Thalavaipandian A, Karunakaran C, Rajendran A

Received 23 August 2012
Accepted 14 September 2012
Published Online 25 September 2012
Corresponding Author Rajendran A -
Abstract Xylaria curta and Xylaria sp., originating from evergreen forests of Courtallum Hills, Western Ghats Tamil Nadu, India were identified based on 18S rRNA gene sequence comparisons and morphological characteristics. These two species nested within a subclade that also contained X. curta from Thailand and X. longipes from Spain.
Keywords Ascomycetes – MEGA 5 – Molecular phylogeny – Neigbour-joining method – Nuclear small subunit 18s RNA
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Article Number 9

Asterinales of India


Hosagoudar VB

Received 15 February 2012
Accepted 28 April 2012
Published Online 26 September 2012
Corresponding Author VB Hosagoudar -
Abstract This paper gives an account of 293 taxa resulting from the examination of 1168 fungal exsiccates belonging to 434 host plants in 82 families. The fungal taxa are distributed among 20 genera in two families, namely, Asterinaceae: Asterina (207 species), Asterolibertia (4), Bheemamyces (2), Gangamyces (2), Ishwaramyces (1), Meliolaster (1), Prillieuxina (11), Symphaster (1), Trichasterina (1), Vishnumyces (1); Lembosiaceae: Cirsosia (5), Echidnodella (5), Echidnoides (1), Eupelte (1), Lembosia (19), Maheshwaramyces (2). The anamorphs are Asterostomella (24), Asterostomula (3), Bramhamyces (1) and Mahanteshamyces (1). A new genus, Gangamyces with its type species, G. miliusae, is proposed to accommodate Asterina-like species possessing appressoria in couplets with a stellate lumen in the hyphal cells. Asterina cassiicola, Asterina clusiacearum, Asterina homaligena, Asterina kannurensis, Asterina kodajadriensis, Asterina mallotigena, Asterina mezonevronis, Asterina murrayicola, Asterina physalidis, Bheemamyces capparidis, Gangamyces miliusae, Gangamyces shoreae, Cirsosia vateriae, Lembosia calamigena, Lembosia garciniae, Lembosia pandanacearum, Maheshwaramyces coculi, Asterostomella anogeissi, Asterostomella flacourtiae-montanae, Asterostomella shoreae, Asterostomella xylosmae, Asterostomella ziziphina and Asterostomula pavettae are new species, while, Asterina munnarensis, Asterina songii and Asterina viburnicola are new names proposed for homonyms. The new combination has effected here as Prillieuxina argyreiae based on Asterinella argyreiae. All the genera, species and infraspecific taxa are arranged alphabetically in the two families (Asterinaceae and Lembosiaceae). Individual taxa are dealt with in detail and supplemented with line drawings and or photomicrographs. Host and fungus indexes are provided.
Keywords Taxonomy– black mildews–asterinaceous fungi–India
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Article Number 10

Notes on three lichenicolous species of Acremonium


Brackel Wv, Etayo J, Lechat C

Received 04 September 2012
Accepted 14 September 2012
Published Online 30 September 2012
Corresponding Author Wolfgang von Brackel -
Abstract Two new species of lichenicolous fungi: Acremonium pertusariae on Pertusaria spp. and A. bavaricum on Melanelixia glabratula are described. A new combination is proposed for Dendrodochium subeffusum.
Keywords Anamorph fungi – Bionectriaceae – Hyphomycetes
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Article Number 11

Two new species of Corynespora from Uttar Pradesh, India


Kumar S, Singh R, Gond D, Saini DC

Received 14 September 2012
Accepted 16 September 2012
Published Online 16 October 2012
Corresponding Author Shambhu Kumar -
Abstract This paper presents the descriptions and illustrations of two hitherto undescribed species of Corynespora Gussow viz., Corynespora annonacea sp. nov. and Corynespora holopteleicola sp. nov. collected on living leaves of Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) and Holoptelea integrifolia (Ulmaceae) respectively from Uttar Pradesh, India.
Keywords Corynespora – Foliicolous hyphomycete – Fungi – Morphotaxonomy – New species
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Article Number 12

Contribution to the knowledge of pestalotioid fungi of Iran


Arzanlou M, Torbati M, Khodaei S, Bakhshi M

Received 18 September 2012
Accepted 21 September 2012
Published Online 16 October 2012
Corresponding Author Mahdi Arzanlou -
Abstract Pestalotioid fungi, generally comprising Bartalinia, Monochaetia, Pestalotia, Pestalotiopsis, Sarcostroma, Seimatosporium, Truncatella, are coelomycetous genera with saprobic, endophytic or plant pathogenic life styles residing in the Amphisphaeriaceae (Xylariales). Little is known about the biodiversity of pestalotioid fungi in Iran. We provide a literature-based checklist for the pestalotioid fungi known to occur on different plant species in Iran. Two species, Bartalinia pondoensis and Pestalotiopsis neglecta are characterised based on morphological and molecular data from bamboo and rock samples, respectively. This is the first record of the genus Bartalinia from Iran and first report on the occurrence of B. pondoensis on bamboo and first report of P. neglecta on rock sample worldwide.
Keywords appendage – coelomycetes – Pestalotiopsis – Seimatosporium
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Article Number 13

Cyathus morelensis, a rare bird’s nest fungus in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest


Cruz RHSF, Lima RAA, Braga-Neto R, Baseia IG

Received 26 September 2012
Accepted 01 October 2012
Published Online 24 October 2012
Corresponding Author Rhudson Cruz -
Abstract Cyathus morelensis, an uncommon species of bird’s nest fungi, is described for the second time in the world from the Brazilian Amazon rainforest. A detailed description, taxonomical remarks, photographs of basidiomata and illustrations of basidiospores, peridiole and basidiomata are provided.
Keywords asidiomycota – gasteromycetes – neotropics – taxonomy
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Mycosphere publishes reviews, research articles, methodology papers, taxonomic works such as monographs, and checklists which are relevant to fungal biology, including lichens. The official journal language is English.

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